I am an Entomologist working on the evolution of species interactions at the Biosystematics Group at Wageningen University, The Netherlands, led by Prof. Eric Schranz. I am interested in the evolutionary pathways that gave rise to intricate interactions between plants, butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) their symbiotic microbes and natural enemies (hymenopteran parasitoids). Besides my interest in the fundamental aspects on the evolutionary ecology of insect-microbe-plant interactions I aim to transfer the gained knowledge to the society and stakeholders.
Besides egg-killing plant traits, I am interested in the evolution of butterfly anti-sex pheromones and whether they are constrained by tiny Trichogramma egg parasitoids, natural enemies of butterflies and moths. Recently, I received an NWO Open competition call on 'Natural selection on butterfly sex scents by egg parasitoids and implications for biological control'. Together with a PhD student and a technician we are working on pheromone evolution and selection pressure exerted by Trichogramma wasps.
Since recent, I am involved in a project on insect biodiversity on green roofs (BiodiverCity) and co-supervise one PhD student.
I collaborate with Applied Zoology/Animal Ecology group at the Freie Universität Berlin led by Prof. Monika Hilker.
Students that are interested in joining my team are welcome, check for MSc/BSc thesis possibilities!
Evolutionary, chemical, behavioral and molecular ecology
Associate professor at Biosystematics group, Wageningen University (WU), The Netherlands
2006 Dr. rer. nat., Freie Universität (FU) Berlin, Germany
2000 Diploma Biology, FU Berlin
- Assistant professor at Biosystematics group, WU (2016 – 2018)
- Humboldt research fellow at Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany (2016)
- Visiting professor at FU Berlin (2015)
- Visiting research fellow at FU Berlin (2014 – 2015)
- Post-doctoral researcher at Laboratory of Entomology, WU (personal NWO Veni grant and personal DFG research grant) (2007 – 2014)
Grants and scholarships:
- Open competition grant by Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, NWO (2021)
- Personal grant for talented experienced researchers to develop own research line (VIDI), NWO (2015)
- Alexander van Humboldt Research fellowship for experienced researchers (2014)
- NWO Aspasia grant to encourage the promotion of female Vidi grant candidates to an associate professorship (2014)
- Personal grant for talented young researchers (VENI) by NWO (2009)
- Research fellowship for highly qualified young researchers by German Research Foundation, DFG (2007)
- Exchange grant for young scientists funded by the European Science Foundation, ESF (2006)
- Ph.D. talent grant from the Berliner Graduierten Förderung (NaFöG) at FU Berlin (2002)
2020 Netherlands Annual Ecology Meeting, Lunteren, The Netherlands
2019 Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding, Cologne, Germany
2018 12th annual EPS workshop on Plant-insect interactions, Leiden, The Netherlands
2018 Dies Natalis 100 years. Unravelling Life: Wisdom and wonder. Wageningen, The Netherlands
2017 Gordon Research Conference Plant-Herbivore Interaction, Ventura, CA, USA
2017 Annual meeting Experimental Plant Sciences, Lunteren, The Netherlands
2015 Panhellenic Entomological Congress, Heraklion, Greece
2015 Colloquium of the CRC973 ‘Priming and Memory of Organismic Responses to Stress’, FU Berlin
2015 Symposium on the Use of Egg Parasitoids in Agriculture, Agri. University of Athens, Greece
2014 Netherlands-Japan Seminar on Parasitoid Biology, Wageningen
2014 Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Seminar, Neuchatel, Switzerland
(Co-)Supervision MSc, PhD and Postdocs:
6 BSc, >30 MSc, 7 PhDs and 5 Postdocs (2004-present)
2016-present: Webs of Terrestrial Diversity (BSc), Wageningen University
2016-present: Biodiversity of the Netherlands (BSc), WUR
2015: Human Ecology - How microbes affect our life (BSc), FU Berlin
2015-2016: Schreiben naturwissenschaftlicher Texte (Scientific writing) (BSc), FU Berlin
2010-2015: Ecological Aspects of Bio-interactions (MSc), WUR
2003-2015: Supervision practicals in different MSc and BSc courses, WUR
Whiteboard animation on egg-killing plants
Watch this whiteboard animation with drawings by myself and animated by Corine Feenstra, videojournalist at WUR. It was made for my Dies Natalis talks #WUR100 (see post March 21, 2018).
A butterfly female lays her eggs on the lower side of the leaf (shot 1). The female carefully glues the eggs onto the leaf surface with the help of a secretion released from the ovipositor (shot 2). With some plants these eggs develop to caterpillars without the plant noticing it (shot 3). After a couple of days the caterpillar emerges (shot 4-6), and often first feeds on the egg shell (shot 7) before it starts to feed on the plant. Many caterpillars can eat whole plants (shot 8). Some plants have developed a way to prevent eggs from hatching (shot 9-10). Those plants can recognize the egg upon deposition often by the egg glue between the egg and the plant (shot 11). We have been showing that the egg glue itself contains molecules that trigger an egg-killing cell necrosis, called hypersensitive-like response resembling disease resistance responses. Probably, the egg molecules (EAMPs) bind to plant receptors on the plasma membrane (shot 12). After the molecules bind to the receptors, the latter become activated (shot 13) and trigger a cascade of reactions and molecules that migrate through the cell and induce it to respond. The cell responds with the expression of certain defence genes (shot 14) that eventually lead to the necrosis (shot 15-17). So far, we neither know the nature of the egg molecules nor which receptors or genes are involved that lead to egg-killing. The necrosis and maybe some chemicals produced lead to the egg shrivelling and sometimes falling off the plant (shot 18). Instead of being eaten the plant can nicely grow and reproduce – if no other invaders are attacking her (shot 19).
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